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Complications of lymphadenectomy for gynecologic cancer.

PostPosted: Sat Dec 15, 2012 12:24 pm
by patoco
Complications of lymphadenectomy for gynecologic cancer.

Jan 2013

Achouri A, Huchon C, Bats AS, Bensaid C, Nos C, Lécuru F.


Service de Chirurgie Cancérologique Gynécologique et du Sein, Hôpital Européen Georges Pompidou, AP-HP, Paris, France; Faculté de médecine, Université Paris-Descartes, Paris, France. Electronic address:


Symptomatic postoperative lymphocysts (SPOLs) and lower-limb lymphedema (LLL) are probably underestimated complications of lymphadenectomy for gynecologic malignancies. Here, our objective was to evaluate the incidence and risk factors of SPOLs and LLL after pelvic and/or aortocaval lymphadenectomy for gynecologic malignancies.

Single-center retrospective study of consecutive patients who underwent pelvic and/or aortocaval lymphadenectomy for ovarian cancer, endometrial cancer, or cervical cancer between January 2007 and November 2008. The incidences of SPOL and LLL were computed with their 95% confidence intervals (95%CIs). Multivariate logistic regression was performed to identify independent risk factors for SPOL and LLL.

We identified 88 patients including 36 with ovarian cancer, 35 with endometrial cancer, and 17 with cervical cancer. The overall incidence of SPOL was 34.5% (95%CI, 25-45) and that of LLL was 11.4% (95% confidence interval [95%CI], 5-18). Endometrial cancer was independently associated with a lower risk of SPOL (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 0.09; 95%CI, 0.02-0.44) and one or more positive pelvic nodes with a higher risk of SPOL (aOR, 4.4; 95%CI, 1.2-16.3). Multivariate logistic regression failed to identify factors significantly associated with LLL.

Complications of lymphadenectomy for gynecologic malignancies are common. This finding supports a more restrictive use of lymphadenectomy or the use of less invasive techniques such as sentinel node biopsy.