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glossary:epidemiology [2012/10/16 14:40] (current)
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|+||(1) A scientific process which attempts to link the effects of factors such as lifestyle (for example, level of smoking or drinking) or exposure to toxic chemicals to [[disease]] and, if relevant, mortality. Statistical correlations are developed whose purpose is ultimately to indicate the degree of risk that someone with a particular exposure pattern, lifestyle or [[genetic]] profile has of contracting a specific disease. |
|+||(2) The study of the relationships of the various factors determining the frequency and distribution of diseases in a human community.|
|+||The field of medicine that attempts to determine the exact causes of localized outbreaks of disease. — epidemiologist, n. — epidemiologie, epidemiological, adj.|